Finding Fun in Economics: অর্থনীতির শিক্ষার্থী হয়ে যে ৮টি চলচ্চিত্র দেখে ফেলা উচিত!
নাহিয়ান বিন খালেদ
অর্থনীতিতে আনন্দের অভাব বোধ করে নিরাশ হয়ে বসে থাকা হয়েছে অনেকেরই। ব্যাপারটাও অস্বাভাবিক না। একটানা ক্লাস, পরীক্ষা আর তত্ত্বকথা পড়তে থাকলে ভালো না-ই লাগতে পারে। এই সময়গুলোতে তত্ত্বকথার ব্যবহারিক রূপগুলো জানতে পারলে পড়া হয় আরও উপভোগ্য। সেটার একটা উপায় হতে পারে, নিজেই গবেষণাপত্র লেখা। এটা সময়সাধ্য ব্যাপার। আরেকটা দারুণ উপায় হতে পারে, বিভিন্ন রকম তত্ত্বের কেইস স্টাডির সাথে পরিচিত হওয়া। এটি বেশ সহজ। গুগল করলে তত্ত্বসমূহের প্রচুর উদাহরণ পাওয়া যায়। তবে আরো সহজ উপায় কি হতে পারে?
হ্যাঁ, টেক্সট বই আর পৃষ্ঠার পর পৃষ্ঠা পড়ার সাথে সম্পর্কটা যে মুহূর্তে খুব একটা সুবিধার যায় না, সেই মুহূর্তে সাহায্য করতে পারে অর্থনীতির তত্ত্ব আর ঘটনাপ্রবাহের সুন্দর চিত্রায়ন। আর এই আনন্দ দিতে পারে চমৎকার কিছু চলচ্চিত্র। আজকে ৮টি চলচ্চিত্রের কথা বলব, যেগুলো অর্থনীতির শিক্ষার্থী হিসেবে সবার দেখে ফেলা উচিত।
In the second year of his presidency, Donald Trump has doubled down on his “America First” brand of economic nationalism, by making impossible demands of US allies and escalating a multi-front ‘Trade War’ of his own making.
Jinat Jahan Khan
Movements in the stock market have been found to have a major impact on the economy. Changes in share prices can directly affect the real economy. A fall in share prices can lead to an economic crisis. The stock market crash of 1929 which led to the great depression of the 1930s can be cited as an example in this regard. Also, the downfall in stock prices from 2008 to 2009 in the U.S and then subsequently in the whole west created rifts in the real economy which caused the long recession.
Mohammad Nazmul Avi Hossain
The National Budget has always been a center of attention during the beginning of a fiscal year in Bangladesh. Due to the rise of social media and awareness among citizens on their citizens’ rights, in recent days the eve of budget speech at the National Parliament has become an “Economic Festival” for us. Businessmen, economists, policymakers, researchers, academicians, journalists, civil societies, mass people and media personnel all sorts of professionals run and feel they have something to say about the national budget. This year’s national budget was no exception to that unprecedented interest by the “aware” citizens.
The national budget is a document that might be discussed over 50 pages in details or maybe more than that (the budget speech is usually more than a 120-page document). However, in this article, I am not going to discuss each and every detail of the budget with mind-boggling numbers, digits, percentages and all. As I personally believe, following many policymakers and economists, that end of the day the economic and political spirit of a budget is more important. In addition, after few weeks we are already overloaded by a lot of number stunts those are over discussed in many forms of media by many specialists and non-specialists.
How do we see this budget? In one line we can answer it, “A monotonous budget with strong targets and lack of commitments”. Let’s start explaining why.
On the numbers front, the proposed size of the budget, BDT 4,64,573 crore, is over ambitious and the most alarming factor from the learning of previous 5-6 budgets is that the Government ends up not spending more than 70-80% of its expenditure budget including a random forceful expense from ADP in last few months of the financial year.
Sheikh Tausif Ahmed
G7 summit, a global meeting of the leaders of the seven most economically advanced nations, this year saw US president Donald Trump flip over tariffs.
Before the summit even began, Trump on a controversial move, decided to slap a whooping 25% tariff on steel & 10% tariff on aluminium productimportsfromCanada, Mexico & EU countries. As the NAFTA deal talks are getting lengthier &talks with EU are not making enough progress, the Trump administration put up a strategy to hardball the allies by imposing tariffs. Which surely didn’t go well with the concerned countries and there’s talk of retaliatory measures.
Here comes the twist! As Business Insider reports, Trump during a press conference at the G7 summit this year, proposed a trade utopia, where there will be no tariffs, no barriers, no subsidies. The announcement startled the leaders of the participating countries and they questioned the integrity of the announcement.
“No tariffs, no barriers, that's the way it should be," Trump said. "And no subsides, I even said not tariffs."But he was cautious about his words. He added that, "We can't have an example where we're paying, the United States is paying, 270% - just can't have it - and when they send things into us you don't have that.” Indicating no quick change of course on those tariffs.
Today is World Environment Day. On this occasion, it is necessary for us to reflect on the progress made towards saving our environment from catastrophic effects of climate change.
In this regard, ensuring affordable and clean energy for all is one of the biggest challenges of this century. It is also extremely vital to make the Paris Agreement a success.
A sustainable world needs clean energy. That is why “Affordable and Clean Energy” is goal 7 under the Sustainable Development Goals.
Governments all around the world have been working to provide clean energy to its population. The scenario is no different in South Asia.
Still, there are lapses in policies. In this article, I will focus on the issues with the financial incentive and solar tax measures of three South Asian countries: Bangladesh, India and Sri Lanka.
Before we go on to celebrate even one-tenth percentage increase in economic growth, let us stop and think of what costs are we really climbing up the ladder? To put it bluntly, economic activities can degrade ecosystems. Since many of the ecosystem services (the benefits of ecosystems to humans) such as clean air, are public goods which are non-excludable and non-rival, stakeholders have little incentive to maintain them. In contrast, where ecosystem service does have a market value, such as fibre, economic activities may have environmental impacts that are not accounted for in the market price, also known as an environmental externality.
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